The Role of Government in Shaping the Legal Framework: Lessons from Around the World

Government is the driving force behind the legal framework of any nation. Its policies and initiatives can shape the justice system, promote access to justice, and safeguard the rights of individuals. In this article, we will explore the role of government in shaping the legal framework and highlight some lessons from around the world.

Promoting the Rule of Law

The rule of law is the bedrock of any legal framework. It ensures that everyone, regardless of their social status, follows the same set of laws. Government plays a crucial role in promoting the rule of law by enacting laws that are fair and just. For instance, the UK government has been working to reduce the number of lawsuits by encouraging mediation and negotiation. The government has also established the Legal Aid Agency to provide legal aid to people who cannot afford to pay for legal services.

Similarly, the government of Denmark has implemented a strategy to increase access to justice for marginalized groups. The strategy includes initiatives such as free legal aid, reducing court fees, and a focus on alternative dispute resolution methods. The government has also established the Danish Institute for Human Rights, which monitors human rights violations and works to promote equality and non-discrimination.

Ensuring Access to Justice

Access to justice is a fundamental right that ensures that individuals can seek legal remedies for their grievances. However, access to justice is often hindered by economic and social barriers. The role of government in ensuring access to justice is crucial as it has the power to remove these barriers.

The government of South Africa has been working to increase access to justice for vulnerable groups such as women, children, and people living in poverty. The government has established specialized courts to deal with cases of gender-based violence. It has also implemented a system of community-based paralegals who provide legal information and advocacy services to disadvantaged communities.

Similarly, the government of India has taken steps to improve access to justice for marginalized groups. The government has established legal aid clinics in rural areas, which provide legal advice and assistance to people who cannot afford legal services. The government has also enacted legislation such as the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, which provides legal protection to women who are victims of domestic violence.

Protecting Human Rights

The protection of human rights is one of the most important roles of government. Governments have the responsibility to promote and safeguard the rights of individuals. Governments must create an environment where human rights are respected and protected without discrimination.

The government of Canada has been working to promote human rights by enacting legislation such as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The charter protects fundamental human rights such as freedom of expression, equality, and the right to a fair trial. The government has also established the Canadian Human Rights Commission, which works to prevent discrimination and promote human rights.

Similarly, the government of Mexico has been working to protect the human rights of its citizens. Mexico has enacted several human rights reforms, including the National Human Rights Commission, which investigates and resolves human rights violations. The government has also implemented a strategy to combat organized crime and drug trafficking while respecting human rights.


The role of government in shaping the legal framework cannot be overstated. Governments have the power to create laws that promote access to justice, protect human rights, and promote the rule of law. By learning from the experiences of other nations, governments can improve their legal frameworks and ensure that all individuals have access to justice.