The Impact of Technology on Legal Proceedings: Advancements and Challenges

Technology has made its impact felt in numerous fields and legal proceedings are not an exception. The introduction of technology in legal proceedings has enabled faster, more efficient and secure delivery of legal services. However, with the advent of technology, new legal issues have emerged that challenge the legal system and those involved in it. This article will discuss the impact of technology on legal proceedings, including advancements and challenges.

Advancements in Technology in Legal Proceedings

One significant advancement in technology in legal proceedings is the introduction of electronic filing. Electronic filing allows parties to file documents online instead of physically appearing in court. Electronic filing of case documents has significantly minimized paperwork, reduced the time taken to process case materials, and improved accessibility, among other benefits. Electronic filing has also enhanced the security of the legal system by ensuring that documents are not lost or misplaced.

Another significant advancement in technology in legal proceedings is video conferencing. Video conferencing enables participation in court proceedings from remote locations, e.g., witnesses or attorneys, without necessarily physically attending court sessions. Video conferencing has reduced the costs and time involved in travel and accommodation for participants who live far from court sessions. This technology has also improved access to justice as remote participation of witnesses or lawyers can be accommodated in cases where this would not usually be possible.

Additionally, technology advancements have made it possible to store case materials safely and efficiently. Electronic storage of case materials allows attorneys to manage files more efficiently with fewer storage requirements. Unlike physical storage, electronic storage allows lawyers to search and sort for relevant documents with ease, especially when dealing with voluminous files involving large corporations, governments, or regulatory bodies.


With technology advancements comes significant challenges for legal systems and legal practitioners. One of the significant challenges is the vulnerability to cyber attacks on electronic files and systems. Cybersecurity breaches could compromise confidential information, such as bank details, trade secrets, and clients’ private information. Legal practitioners and their clients are increasingly becoming targets for cyber attacks aimed at stealing sensitive data or gaining financial benefits.

Another challenge is access to justice, especially for low-income earners, who may not have access to electronic filing or video conferencing technologies. Without prioritizing inclusion, technological innovations may result in unfavorable outcomes for certain groups, such as disadvantaging those without access to digital resources.

The increase of sophisticated technology tools, such as AI-powered chatbots and other algorithm-based technology, poses a governance challenge for legal professionals. Procedures governing these emerging technologies vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and it may prove challenging to manage these technological resources.


The integration of technology in legal proceedings has revolutionized the legal profession in significant ways. Electronic filing, video conferencing, and electronic storage have made access to justice more efficient and reliable. However, with the introduction of these new technologies, new legal challenges have emerged. Legal practitioners must remain vigilant in safeguarding their clients’ confidential information and keeping track of new developments in technology. Technological advancements should also be made in a way that prioritize accessibility and inclusion in the legal system.