Contracting during a Pandemic: Legal Considerations for Businesses and Individuals

As the world continues to navigate the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, businesses and individuals are faced with a unique set of legal considerations when it comes to contracts. Whether you are a business owner looking to enter into a new agreement, or an individual hoping to renegotiate an existing contract, it is important to understand how the pandemic might impact your legal rights and obligations.

Force Majeure Clauses

One of the main legal considerations for businesses and individuals during the pandemic is the inclusion of force majeure clauses in their contracts. These clauses may excuse a party from fulfilling their contractual obligations if an unforeseeable event, such as a pandemic, makes it impossible or impracticable to do so.

However, it is important to note that the language of these clauses can vary widely, and it is not always clear whether a pandemic will qualify as a force majeure event. Additionally, some force majeure clauses may require the party seeking relief to take certain actions, such as giving notice within a specific timeframe, in order to be excused from performance.

Delivery and Performance Obligations

Another legal consideration for businesses and individuals during the pandemic is the ability to fulfill delivery and performance obligations. The pandemic has disrupted supply chains and made it difficult or impossible for some businesses to deliver goods or services as promised.

Whether you are a supplier struggling to obtain necessary materials or a service provider facing staff shortages, it is important to communicate clearly with your customers about any potential delays or changes to your delivery or performance obligations. Failure to do so can result in breach of contract claims and other legal repercussions.

Insurance Coverage

Insurance coverage is another important consideration for businesses during the pandemic. While many businesses carry insurance policies that cover loss of income or business interruption, it is important to carefully review your policy to determine whether your losses due to the pandemic will be covered.

In some cases, insurers may argue that pandemics are excluded from coverage, or that losses must be tied to a specific property damage or event in order to be covered. To protect your business, it is important to work closely with your insurer and legal counsel to understand your coverage options and any limitations or exclusions that may apply.

Renegotiation and Terminations

Finally, businesses and individuals may need to consider renegotiating or terminating contracts in light of the pandemic. For example, a business may need to negotiate new payment terms with a supplier, or an individual may need to terminate a lease early due to financial difficulties.

It is important to carefully review the terms of any contract before attempting renegotiation or termination, as attempting to modify or terminate a contract without legal justification can result in breach of contract claims. Working with legal counsel can help ensure that any modifications or terminations are executed properly and in accordance with the law.


Overall, contracting during a pandemic requires careful consideration of the legal implications and potential risks involved. Whether you are a business owner or an individual, it is important to work closely with legal counsel to understand your rights and obligations under any existing or proposed contracts, and to take proactive steps to protect your interests during these uncertain times.